|Mentor competencies||Mentor best practices||Mentee competencies|
|Create an inclusive and welcoming environment to work and conduct research free from harassment, discrimination, and bullying – from both the PI and other lab members.||Be mindful of unconscious biases when interacting with trainees. Recognize that individual trainees face different challenges, based on their background or previous experiences.||Contribute to an inclusive and welcoming work environment and conduct research free from harassment, discrimination, and bullying.|
|Create an environment where people can express ideas freely and openly.||Practice active listening and manage discussions to ensure that everyone can contribute.||Contribute to an environment where people can express ideas freely and openly. Voice your ideas and opinions in a respectful manner.|
|Foster a lab environment of constructive behavior and mutual support.||Discuss with your mentees steps that you can take to make your environment more conducive to everyone doing their best work.||Contribute to a lab environment of constructive behavior and mutual support.|
|Create a framework to address lab conflicts, such as scientific, authorship, or behavioral challenges.||Help mentees learn and practice negotiation and conflict resolution skills.||Understand what is expected of you in terms of managing lab or personnel conflicts. Seek advice/support for addressing problems when needed (see Resources).|
Refer to the Mentoring Resources page for supporting materials and training opportunities.
- Lab-level training by Hallie Dowling-Huppert and scenarios discussed therein.
Potential pitfalls for mentors
- Regularly speaking over trainees in meetings or talks.
- Harshly criticizing or dismissing any trainee’s ideas or suggestions.
- Badmouthing trainees in front of others.
- Promoting, or not addressing, a dynamic of competition between trainees.
- Inadequately managing the real or perceived overlap of trainees’ work.
- Real or perceived favoritism of some mentees over others.
- Real or perceived lack of concern and caring about trainee morale, mental health, or interpersonal matters.